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Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Body Dysmorphic Disorder
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Understanding Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a psychological condition characterized by a preoccupation with perceived flaws in one’s appearance. Individuals with BDD often have an exaggerated belief that they are ugly or deformed, despite others’ reassurances that their appearance is normal or even attractive. This disorder can significantly impact a person’s daily life, causing distress, anxiety, and impaired functioning.

Symptoms of Body Dysmorphic Disorder

People with BDD may exhibit various symptoms, including:

  • Constantly comparing their appearance to others
  • Spending excessive time examining their perceived flaws in mirrors or other reflective surfaces
  • Engaging in repetitive behaviors, such as excessive grooming or seeking reassurance from others
  • Feeling extremely self-conscious and avoiding social situations
  • Experiencing significant distress and impairment in daily functioning

It is important to note that BDD is not simply a concern with vanity or a desire for cosmetic improvement. The perceived flaws in BDD are often not noticeable to others or are minor in nature. However, individuals with BDD may become fixated on these perceived flaws, leading to significant emotional distress and a negative impact on their quality of life.

The Role of Plastic Surgery in Body Dysmorphic Disorder

As a board-certified plastic and reconstructive surgeon, Dr. Karan Chopra understands the complexities of body image concerns and the potential role of plastic surgery in addressing them. While plastic surgery can be a valuable tool for enhancing one’s appearance and boosting self-confidence, it is crucial to approach patients with BDD cautiously.

Dr. Chopra’s approach to plastic surgery is rooted in his dedication to safety, quality, research, innovation, and meticulous attention to detail. He recognizes that patients with BDD may have unrealistic expectations and may not benefit from surgical interventions. Therefore, he takes the time to thoroughly evaluate each patient’s mental and emotional well-being before proceeding with any procedures.

The Importance of Psychological Evaluation

Before considering plastic surgery for individuals with BDD, Dr. Chopra emphasizes the importance of a comprehensive psychological evaluation. This evaluation helps identify underlying psychological factors contributing to the patient’s body image concerns and ensures that they are mentally prepared for the potential outcomes of surgery.

Dr. Chopra collaborates with mental health professionals experienced in body dysmorphic disorder to provide a holistic approach to patient care. This multidisciplinary approach ensures that patients receive the appropriate support and treatment for their psychological well-being alongside any surgical interventions.


Body Dysmorphic Disorder is a complex psychological condition that requires careful consideration when considering plastic surgery as a treatment option. Dr. Karan Chopra’s expertise in plastic surgery, combined with his commitment to patient safety and well-being, allows him to provide comprehensive care for individuals with BDD. By prioritizing psychological evaluation and collaborating with mental health professionals, Dr. Chopra ensures that his patients receive the most appropriate and effective treatment for their unique needs.

If you or someone you know is struggling with body dysmorphic disorder and would like to explore treatment options, please contact Dr. Karan Chopra’s office here.

FAQs about Body Dysmorphic Disorder

What is Body Dysmorphic Disorder?

Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a mental health condition characterized by an excessive preoccupation with perceived flaws in one’s appearance. Individuals with BDD often spend a significant amount of time and energy obsessing over their appearance, which can cause distress and interfere with their daily functioning.

What are the symptoms of Body Dysmorphic Disorder?

The symptoms of Body Dysmorphic Disorder may include:

– Constantly comparing one’s appearance to others.
– Excessive grooming, such as spending hours on makeup or hair.
– Seeking reassurance about one’s appearance.
– Avoiding social situations or activities due to appearance concerns.
– Engaging in repetitive behaviors, such as checking mirrors or picking at the skin.
– Feeling extremely self-conscious.
– Having a distorted perception of one’s appearance.

How is Body Dysmorphic Disorder treated?

Treatment for Body Dysmorphic Disorder typically involves a combination of therapy and medication. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is often used to help individuals challenge and change their negative thoughts and behaviors related to their appearance. Antidepressant medications, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), may also be prescribed to help manage symptoms of BDD.

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